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Top 6 Best Wood Stoves of 2024: A Comprehensive Guide For Prospective Wood Stove Buyers.

Feb 18th 2024

Table: Summary the best wood stoves for each category

Category Model Top Features EPA BTU Rating EPA Efficiency-HHV (%) Emission Rate (g/hr) Capacity Weight  Type
Best Overall Wood-Burning Stove Buck Stove Model 81
  • Large viewing window,
  • Heats up to 2,700 sq ft,
  • Automatic blower included
13795 - 59,490 BTU 70% 1.1 g/hr Robust steel construction 460 lbs Non Catalytic 
Best Wood Stove for Small Areas and Zone Heating Buck Stove Model 21
  • Ideal for smaller spaces,
  • Heats up to 1,800 sq ft
11,709 - 28,901 BTU 70% 1.7 g/hr Solid Steel  280 lbs Non Catalytic 
Best High-efficiency Wood Stove for Large Homes Buck Stove Model 91
  • Ideal as primary heat source
  • Heats up to 3,200 sq ft
10,367 - 62,745 BTU 80% 1.9 g/hr Heavy-duty steel frame 620 lbs Catalytic
Best Pellet Stove Breckwell SP1000 Big E Pellet Stove
  • Easy-to-use controls
  • Large hopper capacity,
  • Auto ignition
5,813 - 31,935 BTU 66% 1.5 g/hr Steel construction 220 lbs Non Catalytic
Best Wood Stove with Cooking Surface for Off-Grid Living Buck Stove Homesteader Wood Cook Stove
  • Integrated cooktop
  • Suitable for off-grid living
  • Heats up to 1,800 sq ft
11,079 - 28,901 BTU 85% 2.2 g/hr Solid cast iron design 660 lbs Non Catalytic 
Best Cast Iron Stove with Cooktop Vermont Castings Encore Wood Stove
  • Classic cast iron
  • Construction, top or front loading,
  • Cooktop surface
12,879-37,102 BTU 77% 1.1 g/hr High-quality cast iron 475 lbs Catalytic

Top 6 Picks for the Best Wood Stoves 2024

Selecting the right wood burning stove for your home is about finding the perfect balance of cost, efficiency, size, and style. Drawing from my expertise in the fireplace industry and thorough research, I've put together a selection of the best wood-burning stoves for 2024 depending on various needs.

Whether you're looking for something compact, energy-efficient, or a workhorse, my list will simplify your decision process and guide you to the ideal stove for your space.

Best High Efficiency Wood Stove for Large Homes—Buck Stove Model 91

I've been using the Buck Stove Model 91 in my drafty 70-year-old home, and I can confirm it's a workhorse! This thing pumps out a massive amount of heat! Rated for heating spaces between 1800 - 3200 sq ft, It effortlessly keeps my 2400 sq ft home at a comfortable 70 degrees on cold days.

Efficiency (80.4% HHV) is where the Buck Stove Model 91 has truly shined for me. I'm using one-third less wood compared to my old stove, yet I'm getting more heat. 

Operating and cleaning it is a breeze. The 4.4 cu ft firebox easily accommodates 20-22 inch logs ensuring long overnight burn times. I don't have to wake up in the middle of the night to add more wood to keep the fire burning. Additionally, the stove includes an in-built ash pan for mess-free ash removal.

Quality-wise, it's top-notch. Crafted from steel, It feels heavy (600 plus pounds), sturdy, and durable. I'm certain this stove will last me a lifetime.

Overall, if you're looking for a reliable, USA-made, efficient wood stove for your big house the Buck Stove Model 91 is a fantastic choice. It's transformed my home's heating, and I couldn't be happier!

Best Overall Wood-Burning Stove - Buck Stove Model 81

The Buck Stove Model 81 stands out for its exceptional balance of power, efficiency, and design. Perfect for the homeowner looking for a reliable heating source.

Rated at an EPA-tested BTU range of 13,795 to 59,490, the model 81 is perfect for medium to large spaces between 1,600 and 2,700 sq ft. The Model 81 is a non-catalytic stove but still manages to be rated with a high-efficiency HHV of 70%.

The Model 81, can be used as a freestanding stove or a fireplace insert, thanks to the optional pedestal.

Best Wood Stove for Mobile Homes, Small Areas and Zone Heating—Buck Stove Model 21

The Buck Stove Model 21 embodies the saying " Big things sometimes come in small packages". Compact yet mighty, it boasts an EPA-tested BTU output of 11,079 to 28,901, which is enough to heat 800 to 1800 sq ft of space. Its small footprint makes it an Ideal choice for small spaces, prefabs, and zone heating without sacrificing performance.

Additionally, the 70% efficiency HHV rating means you'll be burning less wood to keep your home toasty during the colder months, translating to lower energy bills.

The non-catalytic design of this stove offers a more forgiving burning experience if you occasionally burn low-quality or non-seasoned wood. Moreover, the stove comes equipped with an Air wash system to keep your glass clean and clear.

An overlooked feature of the Model 21NC is the level top which doubles as a cooking surface. It's a perfect match for off-grid living, allowing you to heat your space whilst preparing meals.

The Buck Stove Model 21NC can function both as a freestanding unit and a fireplace insert with the optional and stylish Queen Anne legs. The air blower is a smart addon for those looking to maximize efficiency, as it promotes an even distribution of heat.

Best Pellet Stove—Breckwell SP1000 Big E Pellet Stove

The Breckwell SP1000 Big E Pellet Stove is a rugged, reliable, USA-made beast of a stove. If you value simplicity and efficiency you'll fall in love with the Big E. It's straightforward to operate and get going. With its digital control board and "Hot Rod" automatic fire starter igniter, the Big E can get up and running at the push of a button, eliminating the need for messy starter gels.

The EPA-tested max heat output for the Big E is 31,935 BTUs with an Efficiency-HHV rating of 66%. It is approved for mobile homes. It can comfortably heats spaces ranging from 400 to 2200 sq. ft., thanks to the five heat settings, which can be used to finetune the temperature, ensuring maximum comfort at all times.

What sets this pellet stove apart is the Automatic Fuel Feed system. It can burn up to 3 days straight from a single load of its massive 120 lb. hopper. This means you are not constantly refilling the stove and managing a fire, saving time and energy. The quiet 120 CFM blower is the cherry on top distributing heat evenly without any loud noise.

In terms of build quality, the heavy steel construction of the Big E feels durable, like a stove that's going to last for years.

Cleaning and maintenance, which can be a pain with some stoves, is easy thanks to the ash drawer option, the removable stainless steel burn pot, and the air wash system which keeps the glass clean.

Best Wood Stove for Heating and Cooking Off-Grid — Buck Stove Homesteader Wood Cook Stove

Combining functionality and charm, the Buck Stove Homesteader Wood Cook Stove is an ideal choice for off-grid living. Its large cooktop and built-in oven will transform your space into a hub of comfort and culinary creativity.

The BTU output of 28,901 can comfortably heat 800 -100 sq ft of space even in the coldest months. The 20 by 23 inch oven, is big enough for a variety of baking needs, from bread to large casseroles.

The dual high-heat glass windows provide a clear simultaneous view of the fire chamber and oven. This allows you to manage your fire and keep an eye on your baking goods at the same time.

The construction quality of the Homesteader is synonymous with other Buck stoves we have discussed above. Heavy, rustic, durable, and made to last generations.

Best Cast Iron Wood Burning Stove with Cooktop - Vermont Castings Encore Wood Stove

The Vermont Castings Encore is a magnificent cast iron wood stove. The stove's classic and elegant design seamlessly fits into the decor of any home.

The Encore is designed to maximize heat production whilst minimizing waste. It is EPA-rated at 37102 BTUs with a 77% efficiency HHV and can easily be used as the primary burner for medium to large homes (up to 2300 sq ft).

One standout feature of Vermont Castings stoves is undoubtedly their top-load design. This back-saving design allows you to fill the stove to the brim, resulting in less time managing the fire. The other convenient feature is the option to choose between catalytic or non-catalytic burning further saving you money on fuel costs. The thermostatic control ensures consistent warmth, vital during the colder months.

The Encore's ash removal system is a game changer. Removing ashes while the stove is still burning is simple and clean, all you have to do is swing out the ash pan from under the firebox and replace it with a new one.

Finally, the Vermont Castings Encore Wood Stove offers an excellent stove top for cooking, grilling, or boiling kettles.

Each of these wood stoves represents the best in their respective categories, catering to a wide range of needs and preferences. When choosing a wood stove, it's important to consider your space and lifestyle to find the perfect match. 

Whether you prioritize aesthetics, efficiency, size, off-grid living, or additional features like a cooktop, there's a wood stove on this list that's sure to meet your requirements.

Best Wood Stove Brands to Consider

Not all wood stoves are created equal, and the brand you select can make a significant difference in performance and satisfaction.

Drawing on my years of experience and thorough research, I've identified several leading brands in the wood stove industry you can trust.

Each brand has its unique strengths, so let's jump into what makes these brands stand out.

Buck Stove

Buck Stove has been a reliable name in the wood stove industry for decades, known for their durable build and efficient heating.

What sets Buck Stove apart is their commitment to American manufacturing and innovation in design. Customers often ask about long lasting wood stoves, and I confidently point them towards Buck Stove for several reasons:

  • American Made: Every Buck Stove is manufactured in the USA, ensuring high-quality craftsmanship and quality control.
  • Variety: They offer a wide range of models, from traditional designs to modern looks, fitting cabins, modern farmhouse aesthetics etc.
  • Efficiency: Their stoves are known for higher-than-average efficiency rates, meaning less wood is wasted and you save on fuel costs in the long run.


Enerzone stands out for its focus on eco-friendliness and high-efficiency ratings. Their stoves are designed with the environment in mind, without sacrificing on warmth or usability:

  • Eco-Friendly: Provides low emission wood stoves, reducing your carbon footprint.
  • High-Efficiency: Enerzone stoves exceed EPA efficiency standards, offering more heat with less wood.

Vermont Castings

As a quintessential American brand, Vermont Castings is known for their classic charm, top loading design and uncompromising quality. Their stoves are not only effective heaters but also beautiful pieces of home decor. Here's why I recommend Vermont Castings:

  • Artisan Craftsmanship: Each stove is made with cast-iron and assembled by hand, ensuring a unique, quality finish.
  • Lifetime Warranty: Vermont Castings stoves come with a strong lifetime warranty, giving you peace of mind.


Breckwell bridges the gap between traditional wood heating and modern convenience. They're best known for their pellet stoves, but their wood stoves are equally impressive, offering:

  • Innovation: Incorporating modern technology into their stoves for efficient and automated fire management.
  • Versatility: Options for both wood, pellet stoves and furnaces.
  • Design: Sleek and new age designs that fit well in modern homes.

Whether you prioritize eco-friendliness, American craftsmanship, or modern technology, there's a brand on this list that'll meet your needs.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Wood Stove

Choosing the right wood stove is a complex decision that involves understanding your heating needs, the stove's performance, local regulations, lifestyle, cost and compatibility with your space. Let's jump into some of the key factors to consider.

Type of Material Used for Constructing the Wood Stove

  • Cast-Iron Wood Stoves: Cast Iron stoves are known for their durability, heat retention, uniform heat distribution properties, and classic design. They are durable but need frequent maintenance to prevent rust. They're expensive, and require reinforced flooring due to their heavy weight during installation. They are efficient, with newer models being more eco-friendly.
  • Steel Wood Stoves: Steel stoves heat up and cool down quickly, are less expensive than cast iron stoves, and require less maintenance. They have a modern look and mostly weigh less, making them easier to install. However, they might not last as long as cast iron due to warping issues.
  • Soapstone Stoves: Soapstone stoves are excellent at retaining and evenly releasing heat. They are the most expensive but require minimal maintenance and last decades. Each stove has a unique look due to the variation in natural stone. They are heavy, and need careful planning before installation, but are very efficient and eco-friendly.

Single Door, Two Doors, Side Doors, and Glass Doors

For door options, here are the key choices:

  • Single Door: Simple, but limits fuel loading capabilities.
  • Two Doors: Typically one door in the front with another on the side. Offers better access to the firebox for easy cleaning and loading but slightly more expensive.
  • Side Door: Makes log placement and cleaning easier.
  • Top Door: Offers an easy way to load wood from the top eliminating bending whilst loading and rearranging wood.

The Standing Stove or the Fireplace Insert

Consider the following when deciding between a fireplace or an insert:

  • Standing Stoves: Freestanding stoves are independent units offering better heat distribution and ease of installation, but often require more room space, a hearth extension during installation, and other safety considerations due to all sides of the stove being exposed.
  • Fireplace Inserts: Inserts fit and utilize existing fireplace structures, and offer a traditional fireplace look, but may have lower heat output due to the confinement.

Comparing Pellet Stoves to Traditional Wood Stoves

  • Pellet Stoves: Pellet stoves use compressed wood pellets (hard or soft). Pellets are easier to store and use than traditional wood logs. Pellet stoves are convenient with automated features like thermostats and feeders that make temperature control and fire maintenance a breeze. They offer a cleaner burning experience, producing less ash and smoke compared to wood stoves. Unfortunately, pellet stoves need electricity to operate and are not a good choice for off-grid setups.
  • Wood Stoves: Wood stoves offer a more charming and rustic burning experience. They do not require electricity to function, making them a great choice for off-grid houses, and areas with frequent power outages. Wood stoves are cost-effective in areas where wood is readily available, however, wood stoves demand more physical effort in terms of procuring, preparing, storing, seasoning, and loading wood.

Heating Capacity

Heating capacity, measured in BTUs, is vital:

  • Calculate the square footage you need to heat to determine the required BTUs (refer to table above for BTU rating of each stove).
  • Consider burn time, especially if you need overnight heating.

Log Capacity and Firebox Orientation

Firebox capacity for logs and firebox orientation affects usability and efficiency. Larger capacities mean less frequent reloading and the orientation can impact how easily logs can be placed and managed.

Efficiency: Catalytic vs Non Catalytic

Efficiency is crucial. Look for features like catalytic or non catalytic, fans that improve heat distribution and heat retention capabilities. Soapstone stoves are highly efficient.

Catalytic stoves tend to be more efficient (around 78%) and can burn longer in between loads, but require a higher initial investment and regular maintenance.

Non-catalytic stoves, are more budget-friendly, easier to maintain, and are simpler to operate but with lower efficiency (60%-70%)

Hybrid stoves merge the best of both, offering optimized efficiency and eco-friendliness at a higher cost


Emissions are a significant concern. Ensure the wood stove meets the current 2020 EPA & local rules on air quality, as this not only impacts the environment but can also affect your health and insurance.

Size and Design

Finally, consider the size and design of the stove:

  • Measure your space and ensure the stove's size fits your space.
  • Choose a design that matches your home's decor, whether it's modern, traditional, or rustic.

Remember, that the goal is to find a burner that fits your needs in terms of efficiency, style, and budget.

Advantages of EPA-Certified Wood Stoves

Some reasons why you should consider an EPA-certified wood stove are:

Enhanced Efficiency

One of the benefits of EPA-certified wood stoves is their enhanced efficiency. These stoves are redesigned and engineered to meet the stringent 2020 EPA efficiency rules, which means more heat is generated from less wood. Here's a quick breakdown:

  • Less Fuel Consumption: You'll use less wood over time, which can translate to less time managing your fire and fewer reloading trips.
  • Increased Heat Output: Efficient combustion ensures more heat is delivered to your space.

Lower Emissions

The environmental impact of heating our homes is a growing concern in general irrespective of the fuel type, and EPA-certified wood stoves address this head-on by significantly reducing emissions.

  • Cleaner Burning: These stoves emit fewer pollutants, contributing to a cleaner, healthier environment both inside and around your home.
  • Compliance with Regulations: With stricter regulations on wood stove emissions, an EPA-certified model ensures you’re in compliance, avoiding potential fines and cleaner air.

Cost Savings

Over time, the efficiency of EPA-certified wood stoves leads to real cost savings. The reduced need for wood and the potential for lower heating bills make these stoves an economically smart choice.

  • Long-Term Savings: The initial investment in an EPA-certified stove can be offset by the reduced cost of wood and potential savings on home heating.

Improved Safety

EPA-certified stoves are designed with safety in mind, incorporating features that reduce the risk of fire and improve indoor air quality.

  • Reduced Fire Risk: Efficient combustion and reduced creosote buildup reduces the chances of chimney fires.
  • Healthier Indoor Air: With fewer emissions inside your home, the air you breathe is cleaner and healthier for you and your family.

Top 10 Must Have Wood Stove Accessories

From wood storage solutions to essential fireplace tools, each accessory plays a vital role in enhancing the wood burning experience.

Let’s jump into some of the must-have accessories that I've found indispensable for any wood stove owner.

My top 10 must-have accessories for a wood stove are:

  1. Firewood Rack: Used to store firewood efficiently. You can opt for something that blends with your decor, or if you're handy, building one can be a satisfying DIY project.
  2. Ash Bucket: Used for collecting and removing ashes from the wood stove.
  3. Carbon Monoxide Detectors: Carbon monoxide detectors for monitoring air quality levels and ensuring there are no harmful emissions.
  4. Thick Gloves: Protect against burns when handling hot parts and managing firewood.
  5. Self-Powered Stove Fan: Operates using the heat from the stove to evenly distribute warm air throughout your space, increasing the efficiency of the wood stove.
  6. Shovel: Used for removing ash and debris from the stove
  7. Heavy Duty Firewood Tongs: Useful for safely loading and moving logs in the stove, minimizing burn risk.
  8. Fire Extinguisher: A CO2 fire extinguisher is used for putting out potential fires that may occur.
  9. Chimfex for Chimney Fires: Used to extinguish chimney fires in seconds by suffocating the fire.
  10. Rutland fire starter: Used to quickly start a fire without the need for kindling or newspaper

Factors to Consider for Wood Stove Installation

The installation process is critical and involves several key factors that ensure your wood stove operates in a safe manner whilst adhering to local regulations. 

Some factors to consider are: 

DIY or Finding an Installer

The first step in a successful wood stove installation is making the decision to install the stove yourself or hiring a certified installer. Here's what I recommend:

  • Research and Referrals: Start by researching the expertise needed to install your selected stove. Ask friends and family for referrals if the installation is complex and requires a certified installer. 
  • Certifications: Look for professionals certified by the Chimney Safety Institute of America (CSIA) or the National Fireplace Institute (NFI). These certifications indicate the installer has a solid understanding of local safety regulations and best practices.
  • Local Building Codes: Ensure the installer is familiar with your local building codes related to wood stoves and fireplaces. Compliance is non-negotiable.


Proper venting is crucial to avoid smoke backdrafts and potential carbon monoxide issues. Here are the essentials:

  • Stovepipe Requirements: The diameter of your stovepipe should correspond to the outlet size on your wood stove. Using the correct size ensures efficient smoke extraction.
  • Chimney Connection: If connecting to a chimney, verify that the lining is compatible and in good condition. Sometimes, a liner might need to be added or repaired.

Wall Protection

Wood stoves emit a substantial amount of heat, which can damage unprotected walls. Consider these protective measures:

  • Non-Combustible Shields: Installing shield barriers made of non-combustible materials can significantly reduce the clearance needed between the stove and the walls.
  • Air Gap: Maintaining an air gap between the shield and the wall helps dissipate heat more effectively. The exact amount of separation needed for the air gap will be specified in the stove's manual. 

Floor Protection

Your wood stove requires a non-combustible base to protect your flooring from heat and any embers that might escape. Here are the key considerations:

  • Material Choice: Common materials for floor protection include stone, tile, and metal. Choose based on your design choices and the heat output of your stove.
  • Size and Placement: The protective area should extend beyond the stove’s footprint, typically at least 18 inches on all sides, but this can vary based on the stove model and local codes. The floor should also be reinforced for heavy stoves when necessary. 


Before installation, it's wise to consult with your homeowner's insurance:

  • Policy Requirements: Some policies have specific requirements or restrictions for wood stoves. You don't want to later discover your installation voids your home owners insurance. 
  • Increase in Premiums: In some cases, installing a wood stove can lead to an increase in insurance premiums. It's better to know this upfront.

Benefits of Using a Wood Stove

When considering heating options for a home, wood stoves offer a range of advantages that span from cost efficiency to environmental friendliness. In this section, I'll investigate the myriad benefits of using a wood stove, shedding light on why they've remained a popular home heating solution through generations.

It Is Cost-Efficient

One of the compelling reasons to choose a wood stove is its cost efficiency. Here are a few pointers to consider:

  • Wood is Cheaper: Compared to oil, gas, or electricity, wood as a fuel is significantly cheaper, especially if you have access to free or low-cost wood.
  • Reduced Utility Bills: Heating with wood can drastically reduce your dependency on traditional heating methods, so lowering your monthly utility bills.
  • Increased Home Value: Homes with alternate heating sources like wood stoves can see an uptick in market value.

Wood Burning Stoves Offer Placement Flexibility

Unlike traditional fireplaces, wood stoves offer greater flexibility in terms of placement. They can be installed virtually anywhere in the home, provided there's a way to vent to the outside. This flexibility allows optimal heat distribution based on your living space. The key considerations include:

  • Venting Solutions: With the right piping, you can position your wood stove to ensure efficient heating across different zones in your house.
  • Space Saver: Standalone wood stoves take up less space than a traditional fireplace, making them ideal for smaller homes or rooms.

Wood Stoves Provide Exceptional Heating

The allure of a cozy, warm home in winter can become a reality with a wood stove. Here's why:

  • Radiant Heat: Wood stoves provide a constant source of radiant heat that warms up a space quickly and efficiently.
  • Heat during Power Loss: Unlike electric heaters, wood stoves don't rely on power, ensuring heat during outages.

No Need to Worry About Power Outages 

A significant advantage of wood stoves is their operational independence from the electrical grid. During power outages, a wood stove remains functional, providing both warmth and a way to cook food. It’s a reliable source of heat that delivers peace of mind, especially in areas prone to intense winter storms.

Wood Stoves Are Better for the Environment

Opting for a wood stove, particularly a modern, high-efficiency model, comes with environmental perks:

  • Carbon Neutral: Wood is a carbon-neutral fuel since trees absorb as much carbon during their lifetime as they emit when burned.
  • Reduced Emissions: New EPA-certified wood stoves burn much cleaner, releasing fewer pollutants into the atmosphere.
  • Sustainable Fuel: If sourced responsibly, wood is a renewable resource that encourages sustainable forest management practices.

You Can Use Wood Stoves for Cooking

Beyond heating, the versatility of a wood stove extends to cooking. Modern wood stoves come with flat tops or built-in griddles perfect for simmering, boiling, or baking, offering a delightful way to enjoy home-cooked meals during colder months. Whether it's making a pot of coffee, frying bacon, or baking bread, the wood stove transforms the cooking experience into a cozy adventure.

Incorporating a wood stove into your home not only promises warmth and comfort but also ushers in a host of benefits that range from cost savings to environmental sustainability. Whether you're seeking a primary heating source or an auxiliary one, the wood stove stands out as a venerable option worthy of consideration.

Wood Stove Regulations and Approvals from Local Authorities

Before wrapping up, it's crucial to touch on the importance of local regulations and approvals when installing a wood stove. Exploring these requirements ensures your wood stove not only meets safety standards but also aligns with environmental guidelines. This step is often overlooked, yet it's fundamental to a successful and compliant wood stove installation.

We've walked through the factors to consider, from performance to design, and highlighted the top wood stove models for 2024. Remember, choosing the right wood stove for your lifestyle is about finding a perfect blend of efficiency, aesthetics, and functionality. 

Don't forget to reach out to our team at if you have any further questions